How to use Github and Vercel to Deploy a Hexo Blog and Config it

Evan Luo The one

1.Beginning

This tutorial will guide you to create a Hexo Personal Blog using Github+Vercel and config it.

1.1 Why Hexo?

Hexo

Many bloggers are using Hexo Framework as their own systems instead of WordPress or Typecho. This is because static blogs like Hexo can be deployed in many stable and free environments, and most importantly, the loading speed is fast.

Advantages

  • Free and stable.
  • You don’t have to spend too much effort on keeping the blog running.

Hexo framework is the most popular one among all the static blog systems.

Of course, if you want to use Hugo as the framework, you can also follow this tutorial.

1.2 Plan

Put Hexo files on Github and then let Vercel automatically pull the files and then deploy.

2. Installation guide

2.1 Account Preparation

Please register: Github Account

Then go to Vercel And use Github Account to register vercel account. After that, you can see the github repos in vercel.

Vercel

2.2 Create Hexo Repository

This one is simple. Click Add New and choose Project

Add Project

Check the Clone Template on the right and click Browse All Template.

Find Hexo

Vercel Browse All Template

Then it comes to the page of creating Hexo repo.

The Git Scope is you github account username. The REPOSITORY NAME on the right is you Hexo repo name. You can customize it.

Keep repo Private, so others won’t see you original files.

Vercel create Hexo

Finally click Create.

Hexo project

After that, you will get a Hexo domain. This second-level domain name belongs to you and will not be recycled. I recommended to use it temporarily when debugging.

This vercel deployment is bound to the repository you just created on Github. Once you changed the repository on Github, vercel will automatically pull the files and deploy.

You can now click on that second-level domain to see your Hexo blog.

But long-term use is not recommended.

Here are the reasons

  • The vercel.app domain has been blocked by Google, Bings etc.
  • You can’t submit it to search engines and see the analytics.

So I recommend you to use your own domain. I’ve been using Namesilo to register my domains.

2.3 Debug Locally

If you want to change your blog files directly on Github, it is fine, but you have to wait for Vercel to automatically deploy after the modification, which is very slow and inconvenient.

And the limit of the blog deployment frequency of vercel is 100 times/day.

Therefore, it is recommended that you install the hexo environment for debugging locally. Also you can see the changes immediately after you modified the files. After that, you can directly git push to your Github project.

2.3.1 Environment Configuration

Both Macos and Windows can install the environment.

First is Git, you can go to Git Official Site and download&install it.

Then it is Node.js, you can go to Node.js Official Site and download&install it.

Then it comes to Environment Verification

macOS User please open Terminal

Windows User Please open Git bash

Use this command to check the version:

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$ node -v
$ npm -v

If you can see the version, that means you’ve successfully installed Node.js.

NPM Version

2.3.2 Config Hexo Environment

macOS User please open Terminal

Windows User Please open Git bash

Use this command to install hero-cli:

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$ npm install -g hexo

Wait for a minute.

When it says hexo@[version], that means you successfully installed hero-cli.

2.3.3 Config GitHub & SSH key

macOS User please open Terminal

Windows User Please open Git bash

Open Git Bash/Terminal, type in this command:

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$ ssh-keygen -t rsa -C "You email address"

Press Enter 3 times, and the command lines will show you the directory of the public key and private key (here I stole a picture).

RSA key

Find the directory of id_rsa.pub and use VScode or text editor to open this file. Copy all things inside. Go to GitHub -> Settings -> SSH and GPG keys -> New SSH key. Here is the link: Click

Title is up to you. Paste the things you copied in to Key, and then click Add SSH Key.

SSH keys Github

Next it’s Git

Run these command in terminal/git bash.

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$ git config --global user.name "Your GitHub username"

$ git config --global user.email "Your GitHub email address"

Verify

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$ ssh -T git@github.com #don't need to change email address

If you see Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? , type yes and press Enter.

If you see:

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Hi [Your github username]! You've successfully authenticated, but GitHub does not provide shell access.

That means your config is correct.

2.3.4 Clone Github Repo

Go to your Github hexo repo, and click Code and copy the link below HTTPS.

Git clone address

First cd to your folder that you want to put your blog in, and then use the following command to clone it into you folder.

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$ git clone [PASTE YOU LINK]

Like this:

Git clone粘贴链接

Private repo clone will require Github email and password.

If you put your password in, you will find that you can’t authenticate. This is because Github has already closed password login support.

So please go to Github -> Settings -> Developer Settings -> Personal Access Token and create a token. Link here: HERE

Note is up to you, Expiration choose No expiration, and check repo .

Like this:

Create Personal Access Token

Then click Create. Copy the token and keep that token safe because you can only see it once

Now you can login and clone.

Account is your Github email address

Password is your Token

2.3.5 Hexo-cli use guide

Everytime after you change hexo files, you can use the following command to let the blog run locally.

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$ hexo s

When you see this message, you can open http://127.0.0.1:4000 or http://localhost:4000 and check your blog

Hexo本地运行成功

You can press Ctrl+C to stop running the blog locally

If there’s no problem with the changes, you can use Git to push files to Github

First cd to the folder that you store your blog file

Check file status:

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$ git status

Add All the changed files

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$ git add --all

Commit these files

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$ git commit -m "Things you want to name this commit"

Finally, push them to Github

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$ git push

After the push, Vercel will automatically pull the files and deploy the server. After about 40s, you can check the blog with Vercel’s domain/Your domain

3.Use Guide

Official use guide is [Here]. I will introduce some basic tricks to you.

3.1 Install a theme

This is very simple. Find the theme you like on Github and there will be installation guide in the README.md file

For example, the theme I use is Keep

Keep主题GIthub页面

Follow the guide. Finally edit the config.yml file in your Hexo root directory, and change theme: landscape to theme: keep

Run it locally. If there’s no problem, follow Step 2.3.5 and push it to Github

For specific theme customization guides, see the theme’s own documentation.

3.2 Install plugins

You can find many plugins on Hexo official site or on Github

The plugin’s description will tell you how to install it as well

Such as this sitemap plugin

Hexo generator sitemap插件

After the installation, follow the plugin documentation, add the parameters to the _config.yml in the hexo root directory.

Like this one:

插件参数页面

Run it locally. If there’s no problem, follow Step 2.3.5 and push it to Github

4.Summary

Hexo Blog is for those who like to customize their own blog.

If there is any problem with the installation, please contact me and I will reply in time.

Email address: contact@evanluo.top

If this guide is helpful to you, feel free to leave a comment and let me know.

Thanks for reading!

  • Post title:How to use Github and Vercel to Deploy a Hexo Blog and Config it
  • Post author:Evan Luo
  • Create time:2022-09-03 12:19:26
  • Post link:https://www.evanluo.top/vercel-hexo-configuration-en.html
  • Copyright Notice:All articles in this blog are licensed under BY-NC-SA unless stating additionally.
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